A project can be defined as an activity to create a unique product or service, and it is also a set of activities that cannot continue indefinitely.
It must have a specific purpose, and it is important to develop the project gradually, which means that the project progresses in steps and continues in increments, and the project is also a series of tasks that must be completed to reach the desired result and achieve the desired goal.
There are several important factors that contribute greatly to the success of the project, the most important of which are the following:
✔️ Smart Planning:
Good planning helps keep stakeholders informed of the progress of the project. Planning must be at the beginning for the success of the project. Planning keeps the project team focused. It can help the team meet deadlines and organization. There are many benefits to smart planning. Creates a realistic time scale.
✔️ Smart People:
All key project personnel, stakeholders and experts must be part of the team dynamic, thus any strategy or plan can fail or fall apart without the right team, and therefore all participants must commit to groups, strive for overall success, and it is also important to hire the right people For every aspect of the project.
✔️ MANAGE RISKS CAREFULLY:
It is important to prepare a risk register in addition to preparing a plan for the risks that a project may face, and it must be ensured that all key stakeholders are fully aware of the risk register and can find it in case of any problem.
✔️ Open contacts:
Maintaining open communication within the team is absolutely essential. It is important that the team stays informed when working on a set schedule, so communication is the best way to prevent problems. Maintaining an organizational record of major projects is important and gives them easy access to policies and business processes.
✔️ Sufficient Capital:
It is critical to the success of any project, as the lack of funds leads to an unjustified delay in the project, as the financing must be in phases, and it is important and necessary to know that the funds will not be implemented suddenly, and it is also important to have some emergency funds in case some funds are needed and for lack of funds. Getting into any trouble.
✔️ Team Satisfaction:
Team satisfaction is important, in some recent studies it was found that the most important factor in successful teams is trust. important in achieving better results.
📌 Project management stages
The projects are divided into phases and parts to make it easier to deal with them and to determine the time period needed for each phase, which is five phases:
1. Starting the project:
It is the starting point for projects, as it defines the project, its required objectives, and the reason for choosing the project after ascertaining the market need and the experiences and skills that the project owner possesses.
2. Project Planning:
This stage is the basis for successful project management, and focuses on developing a project management plan, defining project objectives, which must be specific, realistic, measurable and time-bound.
3. Implementation of the project:
At this stage, work begins to implement the project, and at this stage resources are allocated, team development work, meetings to know the project’s completion, submit reports and problems facing it, manage procurement, update the project schedule, and modify project plans as needed.
4. Project Control:
The Monitoring phase coincides with the Execution phase to ensure that steps are being done correctly, and to ensure that project progress is in line with the pre-established project management plan.
5. Close the project:
A meeting is held to show the project evaluation and identify the problems and risks it faced to benefit from them in other projects, and lessons learned can be learned after the project ends so that it can make developments and improvements in future projects.
📌 Types of projects There are several types of projects, including:
📍 Industrial projects:
The end result is a product; as a vehicle, ship, aircraft, or piece of machinery.
📍 Construction projects:
As projects for the construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and tunnels, mining and petrochemical projects can be included in construction projects.
📍 Management projects:
Organizing or reorganizing work, and not necessarily achieving a tangible result, such as: producing a theatrical performance, testing a new computer software package, designing applications.
A project is a set of inputs and outputs to achieve a specific goal. Projects are managed by one person to a hundred people. They can also be described and delegated by an official or an executive director. Projects can range from simple to complex projects. Some of the project teams are divided into individual assignments; This is to enable them to manage the issue and use their strengths.
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